By A. D. Thackeray (auth.), André B. Muller (eds.)
On March 28 and 29, 1969, on the social gathering of the commitment of the eu Southern Observatory, a few ninety astronomers from around the globe accrued on the ESO headquarters at Santiago de Chile for discussing difficulties of the Magellanic Clouds. They got here from Argentina, Australia, Chile, Mexico, South Mrica and the us in addition to from Europe; those latter, obviously, more often than not from the member states ofESO. the alternative of the topic used to be an seen one. whilst erecting the eu Southern Observatory as a joint attempt in eu astronomy, it was once agreed from the start that the sector of analysis can be the southern sky, thus far rarely explored with huge telescopes. one of the gadgets to be investigated, the Magellanic Clouds rank maximum, including the galactic centre quarter and the southern spiral constitution. Being situated ten occasions nearer than the closest huge stellar platforms available to northern observers, and containing a stellar inhabitants ranging in age from the oldest down of celebrity formation, the Clouds supply an amazing laboratory for examine directly to the degree present difficulties in astrophysics. but, many of the northern observational astronomers have been infrequently conversant in the Magellanic Clouds; certainly, they're used to imagine when it comes to learn initiatives that may be performed at their observatories. A survey of the prestige of information and learn at the Clouds hence seemed so as now that the 1st- medium measurement- telescopes of ESO got here into operation.